Chủ đề: "Accessibility and Connectivity of Mass Rapid Transit in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Lessons for Nations"
- Người trình bày: Pgs. Ts. Võ Văn Dứt
- Thời gian: 14h00 ngày 17/8/2018
- Địa điểm: Phòng NCS/KT
Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) is a modern public transportation mode. It involves highway lanes or rights- of-way dedicated exclusively to specially-designed buses. MRT is one of the most effective ways to reduce the use of private vehicles for daily travel in big cities. The success of MRT, however, depends on the reliability of service, the speed at which vehicles can travel, and their attractiveness to passengers. This study of the introduction of MRT in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia makes clear that the level of accessibility and connectivity of MRT are vital.
The study investigates how accessibility and connectivity affect the “ride experience” of MRT users. Survey results suggest that: 1) feeder bus services in residential areas are crucial; 2) lack of connection with other public transport modes can undermine interest in switching to using MRT; 3) multi-mode fare passes that link MRT to other transit connections are necessary; 4) limited park and ride space and bicycle parking at MRT stations, along with the cost of parking, can inhibit MRT use; and 5) the availability of commercial services like shopping in and around MRT stations can adversely affect potential MRT riders’ decision to use MRT. Results show that the average number of trips per MRT user depends primarily on the accessibility and connectivity of MRT stations. The paper offers policy recommendations aimed at encouraging more riders to reduce their reliance on private vehicles through increased use of MRT services.